Frequency of Retinopathy in low birth weight infant at tertiary care hospital.
Objectives: To find out the frequency of retinopathy in low birth weight infant presenting at tertiary care hospital, Bahawalpur. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur. Period: From July 2018 to December 2018. Material & Methods: Neonatal eye examination was performed for ROP. Results: Total 78 neonates were recruited for present study and ROP was assessed. Mean gestational age of neonates was 32.54 ± 3.79 weeks. Mean weight was 1445.51 ± 517.373 grams. Out of 78 neonates, ROP was observed in 28 (36%) neonates. ROP was found in 27 (42.19%) neonates of premature group and in 1 (7.14%) neonates of at term group. ROP was found in 1 (3.23%), 5 (29.41%) and 22 (73.33%) neonates respectively in weight group 1500-2500 g, 1000-1500 g and <1000 g group. Male neonates were 35 (44.87%) and female neonates were 43 (55.13%). Development of ROP was not significantly (P = 0.248) associated with gender of the neonates. Statistically significant association between ROP and oxygen supplementation was observed with p value 0.021. Conclusion: Results showed higher number of patients with ROP. Association of development of ROP with gestation was highly significant. Oxygen supplementation and oxygen concentration was also associated with ROP. Findings also showed no effect of gender and duration of hospital stay on ROP.