Frequency of dyslipidemia in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis at Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur.
One of the risk factor of cardiovascular disease in patients of maintenance hemodialysis is abnormalities in lipid profile. Deranged levels of cholesterol are related to increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in hemodialysis patients. Objectives: To determine the frequency of dyslipidemia under going maintenance hemodialysis at BVH, Bahawalpur. Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Dialysis unit at Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur. Period: January to May 2019. Material & Method: A total of 220 patients who were undergoing maintenance hemodialysis at dialysis unit BVH, Bahawalpur were included in the study. Pre-dialysis blood samples were taken for assessment of Sr. Cholesterol (Total), Sr. Triglycerides & Sr. HDL and were sent to Chemical Pathology Lab of QAMC, Bahawalpur on same day for processing. Results: Out of 220 patients, most of the patients were male (66.8%), history of smoking was present in 7.3% & mean duration of dialysis was 27.12 + 25.85 months. The mean of Sr. Cholesterol (Total), Sr. Triglycerides, Sr. HDL were 155.51+37.72 mg/dl, 135.54+89.27 mg/dl & 35.22+7.77 mg/dl respectively. Dyslipidemia was present in 80% of patients with most common being low HDL (71.8%). Conclusion: Patients of maintenance hemodialysis are having significant number of dyslipidemia leading to inflammation, accelerated atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular events.