Prevalence of malignancy in thyroid nodule at People’s Medical College Hospital (PMCH) Nawabshah.
Objectives: The purpose of study is to ascertain the prevalence of malignancy in thyroid single/multiple nodules after ascertaining the features of nodules on different criteria. Study Design: Cross Sectional Study. Setting: Department of Surgical at PMCH Nawabshah. Period: April 2015 to April 2018. Material & Methods: All patients got admission from OPD and they were investigated for the disease. All biochemical examinations were done. Thyroid profile with thyroid scan was obtained. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) was done to diagnose the type of cells either benign/ malignant. The decision of the surgical procedure was done according to the FNAC report of the thyroid nodule. Results: Total 80 patients were investigated. 55 (68.75%) females, 35 (43.75%) male and 60 (75%) showed the benign cells and 20 (25%) patient’s reports had malignant cells. Biopsies were sent for histopathology. 60 (75%) showed thyroid adenomas after biopsy. 10(12.5%) patients papillary carcinoma, 7 (8.75%) follicular, 2 (2.5%) medullary, 1 (1.25%) anaplastic, 0 for thyroid lymphoma, 0 thyroid carcinoma. 0 for squamous cell carcinoma. 40 (50%) were treated conservatively with thyroxine, 20 (25%) were operated for lobectomy. All malignant cases were undergone for total thyroidectomy. Conclusion: it is summed up that the prevalence of malignancy in thyroid nodules in our setup is only 25% that is the lower one as compared to other studies.