Congenital heart defects in neonates born to diabetic mother (IDM): A single center experience.

  • Muhammad Shamoon Allied Hospital Faisalabad.
  • Zunaira - Allied Hospital Faisalabad.
  • Muhammad Ahsan Govt. General Hospital Faisalabad.
  • Tehmina Maqbool Mayo Hospital Lahore.
  • Rabia Aslam DHQ, Hospital Faisalabad.
  • Ambreen Yaseen Govt. General Hospital Faisalabad.
Keywords: Congenital Heart Diseases, Diabetic Mothers, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Pre-Gestational Di¬abetes Mellitus

Abstract

Neonates born to diabetic mothers babies are more prone to develop congenital anomalies and defects. Overall risk of development of congenital malformations increases by 2-12% compared to normal neonates. In Pakistan, the true prevalence of CHD is unknown. Objectives: To determine the frequency of congenital heart diseases in infants born to diabetic mothers (IDM). Study Design: Cross Sectional Study. Setting: Pediatric Ward, Emergency and OPD, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad. Period: Six month after the approval of synopsis, August 16, 2017 to February 16, 2018. Material & Methods: Total 295 neonates born to diabetic mothers diagnosed presenting in neonatal unit were enrolled in study. Chest X-ray, electrocardiography (ECG) and echocardiography were done to identify CHDs. Results: Total 292 infants born to diabetic mother were selected. Mean age of the patients was 10.1±5.9 days. Of total, 189 (64.7%) were males and 103 (35.3%) were females. Out of 292 infants of diabetic mothers, 138(47.3%) were having various (CHD) and remaining 48(47.5%) were found normal after echocardiography. Conclusion: The cardiovascular system along with other systems of the body of neonates is affected in about 50% of the neonates born to diabetic mothers. Early diagnosis of CHD using a screening echocardiography is recommended to morbidity and mortality.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Shamoon, Allied Hospital Faisalabad.

MBBS, MCPS, FCPS (Pediatric Medicine)

Associater Professor

 

Zunaira -, Allied Hospital Faisalabad.

MBBS, FCPS (Pediatric Medicine)

Medical Officer Pediatric

 

Muhammad Ahsan, Govt. General Hospital Faisalabad.

MBBS, PGPN

Medical Officer Pediatric

 

Tehmina Maqbool, Mayo Hospital Lahore.

MBBS, FCPS

Assistant Professor Pediatric

Rabia Aslam, DHQ, Hospital Faisalabad.

 

MBBS, MCPS, FCPS (Gynae and Obs)

Consultant Gynecology

 

Ambreen Yaseen, Govt. General Hospital Faisalabad.

MBBS, B.Sc, FCPS (Gynae and Obs)

Women Medical Officer Gynecology

 

Published
2020-05-10