Influenza a H1N1 characteristics on hajj occasion 2018 Makkah Region, KSA.

  • Imran Nazir Ahmad UMDC. Internist in Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.
  • Muhammad Ajmal Farid King Abdul Aziz Hospital, Taif.
  • Hammad Tufail Chaudhary College of Medicine Taif University.
  • Iffat Imran College of Medicine Taif University.
  • Rizwan Rasul Khan Aziz Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad.
  • Ali Saqib Independent Medical College, Faisalabad.
  • Ahmad Turkistani Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.
  • Ahmad Asiri Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.
  • Abdullah Swida Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.
Keywords: Clinical Features, HINI, KSA, Serological Characters

Abstract

Objectives: To see the clinical characteristics and laboratory parameters of influenza A (H1N1) infection on hajj occasion 2018. Introduction: World Health Organization in 2009 declared H1N1 as pandemic, when about 70 countries documented approximately 30,000 cases of H1N1 infection. Saudi Arabia is representing a hot zone for influenza virus epidemics especially during Hajj gathering. Commonly H1N1 infection presents with flue like symptoms. Influenza infection is a major public health threat especially area like Makkah. Study Design: It was observational study. Setting: Done in Security Forces Hospital Makkah. Period: On hajj occasion from July to August 2018. Material and Methods: Total 50 admitted patients in isolation were included in study. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 24. Results: In this study 08% patients had H1N1 +ve out of total patients included in study. Predominantly (75%) were < 14 years with 75% males. The most common presenting symptoms of these patients were Cough (100%), Fever (100%), breathlessness (75%), throat pain (50%), runny nose (75%), headache and lethargy (50%). Twenty five percent patients had hypoxia. Leukopenia was seen in 50% patients and thrombocytopenia was not documented in any patient. Liver Function Tests were deranged in 75% patients and Renal Function Tests were normal in all patients. Number of complications (pneumonia) was 25%. Conclusion: Clinical features and serological markers of influenza A +ve patients were same as reports globally and in KSA.

Author Biographies

Imran Nazir Ahmad, UMDC. Internist in Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.

FCPS

Assistant professor

Department of Medicine

 

Muhammad Ajmal Farid, King Abdul Aziz Hospital, Taif.

MD

Consultant Nephrologist

 

Hammad Tufail Chaudhary, College of Medicine Taif University.

FCPS

Consultant Hematologist

 

Iffat Imran, College of Medicine Taif University.

FCPS

Assistant Professor

 

Rizwan Rasul Khan, Aziz Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad.

MBBS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Medicine

 

Ali Saqib, Independent Medical College, Faisalabad.

MBBS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Medicine

 

Ahmad Turkistani, Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.

MBBS

Trainee Saudi Board

 

Ahmad Asiri, Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.

MBBS

Trainee Saudi Board

 

Abdullah Swida, Security Forces Hospital Makkah (SFHM), KSA.

Saudi Board

Consultant

Department of Internal Medicine & Pulmonologist    

 

Published
2019-11-10