Comparison of shear bond strength of traditional 3-step composite with self etch primer and composite.
The revolution in orthodontics has been due to replacement of cemented bands by orthodontic brackets. Acid etching is required to bond a bracket on tooth’s surface. Traditional three step acid etch procedure consisted of etching, sealing/priming and bonding. The self etch system (etchant and primer together) can be used without the need for surface preparation, saving chair side time and minimizing contamination. Objectives: To compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic bracket bonded with Conventional etching primer (Transbond XT, 3M Unitek) with self etch primer (Adper Prompt L-Pop, 3M ESPE). Study Design: Prospective study Setting: Orthodontic Clinic of Ihsan Mumtaz Hospital, Lahore and PCSIR (Lahore). Period: 6 months from June 2018 to December 2018. Material and Methods: 60 human maxillary premolars were randomly divided into 2 groups of 30 each. Group-I was bonded with conventional etching primer + composite and Group-II was bonded with self etch primer + composite. Shear bond strength was measured through Ionstron force testing machine. Statistical Analysis: For each variable, shear bond strength, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum values were calculated. t-test was used to compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of the two groups and P value less than and equal to 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The mean shear bond strength in group 1 and group II was10.5MPa and 7.36MPa respectively. Conclusion: The shear bond strength of Conventional etching primer + adhesive was significantly higher than the shear bond strength of self etch primer +adhesive group.