FREQUENCY OF HBV, HCV, AND HIV AMONG INJECTION DRUG USERS (IDUS), AND CO-RELATION WITH SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, TYPE USE AND DURATION OF SUBSTANCE USE.

  • Muhammad Ilyas Jat Isra University Karachi Campus. Al-Tibry Medical College and Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Ghulam Rasool Rind JPMC (Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre) Karachi, Pakistan.
Keywords: HBV, HCV, HIV, Injection Drug Use, Blood borne

Abstract

Introduction: Psychoactive drug use is a continual and chronic psychological and physical disease that is characterized by persistent substance use, regardless of detrimental results. Hepatitis B, C and HIV infections constitute serious healthcare issues worldwide. Objectives: To determine the frequency of HBV, HCV, and HIV among Injection Drug Users (IDUs), visiting a tertiary care centre at Karachi, Pakistan, co-relation with socioeconomic status, type of substance use and duration of substance use. Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Setting: Psychiatry Outpatient Department (OPD), Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, JPMC, Karachi. Period: 5th Aug 2016 to 5th Feb 2017. Material and Methods: Total 280 cases of both genders having Injection Drug Use history were enrolled in the study. Non-probability (consecutive) sampling was done. The data was analysed on SPSS version 20.0. Results: The average age of patients was 32.26 ±9.83 years. Majority 256 (91.4%) were male. Out of 280, 142 (50.7%) were married, 108 (38.6%) were single, 20 (7.1%) were widow and 10 (3.6%) were divorced/separated. Most of patients belonged to lower socioeconomic class. Opioids were the most common substance used and most of patients were using substance for more than 2 years. Majority of patients were preliterate or educated till primary and were jobless. HCV was predominantly present followed by HBV, HIV as 47 (16.8%), 22 (7.9%) and 9 (3.2%) respectively. Conclusion: Frequency of infections with HBV, HCV and HIV is quite high and alarming.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Ilyas Jat, Isra University Karachi Campus. Al-Tibry Medical College and Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

MBBS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

 

Ghulam Rasool Rind, JPMC (Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre) Karachi, Pakistan.

MBBS, FCPS Trainee

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

 

Published
2019-07-10