TO DETERMINE THE RECURRENCE RATE OF STRICTURE URETHRA FOLLOWING OPTICAL URETHROTOMY IN DEPARTMENT OF UROLOGY AT PEOPLE’S MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL NAWABSHAH, A 2 YEARS’ EXPERIENCE.
Objectives: To determine the recurrence rate of Stricture Urethra following Optical Urethrotomy in department of Urology at people’s medical college hospital Nawabshah, a 2 years’ experience. Study Design: Prospective observational. Setting: Department of Urology at People’s Medical College Hospital Nawabshah. Period: January 2016 to January 2018. Methodology: Patients who fulfill inclusion criteria were admitted through Urology OPD. An informed consent was taken. All baseline investigations / Antegrade and Retrograde Urethrogram, Qmax in uroflowmetery, post void residual ultrasound scan were performed in all cases. The patients were asked to attend the OT after anesthetic assessment, under spinal anesthesia. They were advised to have follow-up visits with uroflowmetery and PVR. All the collected data was filled on Performa. Data was analyzed through SPSS Version 20.0. Results: A total of 95 patients (100 %) underwent first session of DVIU, out of 95 patients 37 patients (38.95 %) showed improvement in subjective, while remaining 58 patients (61.05%) showed deterioration. so they underwent second session of DVIU. After second session of DVIU 15 patients (25.86%) out of remaining 58 patients showed improvement, while 43 patients (74.14%) remained in agony, So I counseled them all (remaining 43 patients) for third sitting of DVIU or open urethroplasty. Out of 43 remaining patients only 23 patients willingly underwent third session of DVIU and remaining 20 patients refused and they directly underwent open end to end urethroplasty. The 23 patients, who underwent DVIU, have failed and finally they also underwent urethroplasty. Conclusion: The recurrence rate after DVIU has based on multiple factors that should be properly addressed during treatment planning to avoid unnecessary re treatment, to decrease the rate of more invasive open surgical procedure.