Evaluation of neoplastic bone lesions: A morphological study at a tertiary care centre.
Objectives: To determine the pattern and frequency of various bone tumors at a tertiary care centre in rural area. Study Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Orthopaedic Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences (PUMHS), Nawabshah. Period: June to December 2018. Material and Methods: The 5 years record from July 2015 to June 2018, of all the patients who were admitted and operated for any bone tumor was retrieved. A total of 68 cases were included in the study having complete file record, regardless of their age and sex, the histopathological report of their bone biopsy was mandatory for inclusion in the study. The patients of incomplete file record, without histopathological report and the cases of other bone non-neoplastic conditions were not included in the study. All the collected data was recorded on a proforma, analysed statistically and results were tabulated. Results: In present study 68 cases of bone tumors were evaluated. The patients were aged between 7.5 to 73 years with a mean of 26.4 + 12.7 years. Among these 68 cases 41 (60.3%) were male. The malignant tumors were diagnosed in 25 (36.8%) cases among these 14 (20.6%) cases in male patients and 11 (16.2%) cases in female. The overall benign tumors were observed in 43 (63.2%) cases, and among these 27 (39.7%) cases were male and 16 (23.5%) cases were female. Osteosarcoma was the most common malignant tumor diagnosed in 14/25 (56%) cases followed by chondrosarcoa in 4/25 (16%) cases. In benign tumors the osteochondroma was the commonest tumor detected in 11/43 (25.6%) cases followed by benign giant cell tumor which was diagnosed in 9/43 (21%) cases. Most of the malignant tumors (24%) were diagnosed in 11 - 20 years age group, and most of benign tumors were detected in 21-30 and 31- 40 age groups each comprising of 23.3% cases. Three cases of metastatic tumors were also diagnosed and all were present in older 61 – 70 years age group. Conclusion: The bone tumors are more common in males, occurred predominantly in the second decade of life. osteochondroma and osteosarcoma was the most common benign and malignant bone tumors. Metastatic lesions were observed in older age group.