Assessment of Complications in patients Maltreated with fixed self cure Acrylic Dentures.

  • Maimuna Khokhar Shahida Islam Medical and Dental College Lodhran.
  • Shabir Ahmed Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.
  • Muhammad Ilyas Shaikh Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.
  • Safia Shaikh Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.
  • Bharat Kumar Dow International Dental College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi Pakistan.
  • Muneeb Ahmed Lone Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi.
Keywords: Auto-polymerizing Acrylic Resins, Complications of FSD, Fixed Self-cure Acrylic Dentures, Maltreatment, Quackery

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the reasons which persuade patients to receive fixed self-cured acrylic dentures (FSD), their most common presenting complaints and the prevalence of complications (clinical and prosthesis-related) subsequent to maltreatment with FSD. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Setting: Prosthodontics Department of Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana. Period: 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2018. Material & Methods: Using a structured proforma, data related to 75 patients, all maltreated with Fixed self-cure acrylic dentures (FSD) was collected. The condition of underlying mucosal tissues and abutment teeth was carefully assessed and recorded after removal of FSD. Evaluation of FSD prosthesis was also carried out. Results: 53.3 % of patients reported lack of awareness as a reason for opting FSD with 28% patients presenting with pain as their main complaint. Clinical complications observed were poor oral hygiene (68%), burning mouth sensations (58 %), Halitosis (77.3%), mobile (64%) and carious (46%) abutments, mucosal inflammation (58.7%), and ulcerations (30.7%). Prosthesis related complications included poor denture hygiene (77.3 %) tooth wear (46.7 %), prosthesis fracture (37.3 %) and discoloration (82.7 %). Conclusion: According to this study, it was observed that patients’ lack of awareness was the main reason for opting FSD. The most common presenting complaint was pain, followed by poor esthetics. The prevalent clinical complications included poor oral hygiene, halitosis, burning mouth together with inflamed and ulcerative mucosa and, mobile and carious abutments. Prosthesis related complications included poor denture hygiene, wore out and fractured prosthesis with discoloration. An awareness on the complications of such maltreatment among patients is required to be created in order to discourage this malpractice.

Author Biographies

Maimuna Khokhar, Shahida Islam Medical and Dental College Lodhran.

BDS, FCPS

Senior Registrar

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Shabir Ahmed, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Muhammad Ilyas Shaikh, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Safia Shaikh, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Bharat Kumar, Dow International Dental College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi Pakistan.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Muneeb Ahmed Lone, Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Published
2020-01-10