Reproductive Hormone in Transfusion dependent βeta thalassemia major patients.
Objective: To evaluate endocrine profile in transfusion dependent beta-thalassemia major patients. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Pathology Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro /Hyderabad and Thalassemia Centre Hyderabad. Period: 6 months from January 2018 to June 2018. Material & Methods: Cases already diagnosed with β- thalassemia major with recurrent blood transfusions (>20 transfusions or transfusion period over 2 years) both genders were included. All the patients went through routine laboratory checkups including Testosterone hormone, Luteinizing Hormone, and Follicle Stimulating Hormone. Data was recorded in preplanned proforma. Results: Overall 114 subjects were studied and their mean age was found to be 12.38+5.71 years. Females remained in majority as 56.1%. Mean of follicle stimulate hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) level were 4.60+4.88 and 5.39+8.39 respectively. Most of the patients, 35.1% had >300 of transfusion rate. Ferritin levels were significantly correlated with patients with history of transfusion rate >300; p-value 0.003. Testosterone level’s mean was considerably high among patients presented with transfusion rate of 201 to 300 and >300 transfusions; p-value 0.006. Likewise, mean of FSH and LH level was as well significantly high among the female subjects with history of transfusion rate of 201 to 300 and >300 transfusions; P-Values 0.019 and 0.026 respectively. Conclusion: Frequent hypogonadism was noted among thalassemia patients. Very low level average of FSH, LH and testosterone was seen.