Correlation of body mass index with blood pressure: A gender based comparison in medical students.

  • Salem Ullah Abro Baqai Medical University, Karachi.
  • Quratulain Saleem Karachi Medical Dental College, Karachi.
  • Muhammad Rizwan Baqai Medical University, Karachi.
  • Erum Aamir Karachi Medical Dental College, Karachi.
  • Saleh Soomro Baqai Medical Univeristy Karachi.
  • Muhammad Ali Baqai Medical Univeristy Karachi.
Keywords: BMI, Blood Pressure, Correlation, Obesity

Abstract

The Obesity and Hypertension are major risk factors of several life threatening diseases in human body. Objectives: To determine correlation coefficient of Body Mass Index with blood pressure: a gender based comparison in medical students. Study Design: Comparative Cross-sectional study in students. Setting: Physiology department of BMU Karachi. Period: Duration of this study was 6 months from February 2017 to August 2017. Material and Methods: A total of 500 students were enrolled in this study. The anthropometric measurement [height (m2) and weight (kg)] was recorded for calculation of the Body Mass Index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) was measured by using sphygmomanometer with stethoscope. SPSS version 22.0 was used to analyze the data. Results: BMI overall in both genders were significantly (p<0.05) correlated in mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and mean Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP). Underweight and Normal weight were not correlated with both mean SBP and mean DBP in both genders. Overweight subjects were positively correlated with mean DBP in males and mean SBP in females (p<0.05). Obese students were not significantly (p>0.05) correlated with both mean SBP and mean DBP in males whereas, there were not enough observations to draw any meaningful conclusion in females. Conclusion: Overweight subjects were positively correlated (p<0.05) with mean DBP in males and mean SBP in females and overall BMI (mean SBP & mean DBP) in both genders.

Author Biographies

Salem Ullah Abro, Baqai Medical University, Karachi.

MBBS, MCPS, DCM, M.Phil (Physiology)

Assistant Professor

Department of Physiology,

 

Quratulain Saleem, Karachi Medical Dental College, Karachi.

MBBS, MCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Community Medicine

 

Muhammad Rizwan, Baqai Medical University, Karachi.

MBBS, M.Phil Hematology)

Assistant Professor

Department of Pathology

 

Erum Aamir, Karachi Medical Dental College, Karachi.

MBBS

Senior Lecturer

Department of Pathology

 

Saleh Soomro, Baqai Medical Univeristy Karachi.

MSc, M.Phil, PhD

Head and Chairman

Department of Physiology

 

Muhammad Ali, Baqai Medical Univeristy Karachi.

MBBS

Lecture

Department of Physiology

 

Published
2019-11-10