Frequency of dyslipidemia in young overweight and obese students (age 10-16 years) in private schools of swat
Objectives: The objective of the current study was to estimate the frequency of pediatric dyslipidemia in overweight and obese students of private schools in Swat. Study Design: Questionnaire based cross-sectional study. Setting: Three private schools of district Swat. Period: 6 months. Method: Study analysis was done in Research laboratories of Biochemistry Department, Institute of Basic medical Sciences (IBMS), Khyber Medical University Peshawar. Well-designed questionnaires were used for screening of 99 out of 1374 students, including both girls and boys. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Blood samples were collected for the analysis of serum lipids using an Automated Cobas Analyzer. SPSS version 20, Student’s t test and Logistic regression method was used for statistical analysis. Results: The prevalence of dyslipidemia was measured to be 42.4%. A significantly direct association was found between the rate of dyslipidemia and BMI. Highly significant P values were found for serum lipids in obese children as compared to overweight children thus showing strong association between the biochemical Parameters and BMI. Even though rate of dyslipidemia was measured to be a little higher in boys as compared to girls, no statistically significant gender differences were found in serum lipid levels. Conclusion: Reduce long-term complications in adulthood is possible through controlling the serum lipid levels of children and adolescents.