Diagnostic accuracy of saline infusion sonohysterography for evaluation of uterine cavity abnormalities in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding

  • Humaira Zafar University Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
  • Mubashra Naz University Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
  • Umber Fatima University Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
Keywords: Saline Infusion Hysterosonography, Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Hysteroscopy

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of saline infusion hysterosonography for detection of uterine cavity abnormalities using Hysteroscopy as the gold standard. Study Design: Analytical Quasi Experimental study. Setting: Obstetric and Gynaecology Department Madina Teaching Hospital Faisalabad. Period: July 2017 to December 2017. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients presented with abnormal uterine bleeding were included in the study. Transvaginal ultrasound, SIS and hysteroscopy performed for evaluation of the uterine cavity for any abnormality. Results: SIS helped in detection of intacavitary abnormalities in 39 out of 60 patients indicating sensitivity of 88. 64 % and specificity of 100 % as hysteroscopy confirm the findings in all the patients. The NPV is 76 % and PPV of 100 % taking hysteroscopy as gold standard. The diagnostic accuracy of saline infusion sonography is 91%. Conclusion: The addition of SIS to TVS significantly improved the sensitivity and specificity for detecting intracavitary pathology. It can be used as an alternative procedure whenever hysteroscopy is not available.

Author Biographies

Humaira Zafar, University Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.

MBBS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Mubashra Naz, University Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.

MBBS, FCPS, MCPS

Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

 

Umber Fatima, University Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.

MBBS, FCPS, MCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

 

Published
2019-06-10