Surgical intervention in ectopic pregnancies
Objectives: To find out the negative laparoscopy rate for suspected ectopic pregnancy. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Electronic medical record databases in North Cumbria University Hospital, Carlisle, United Kingdom. Period: August 2014 to August 2018. Material and Methods: The data of total 150 laparoscopies performed for ectopic pregnancy management was collected for gestational age at presentation, symptoms, serial beta human chorionic gonadotrophic hormone (HCG) levels, ultrasound findings, time interval for diagnosis, time to surgery and histology. Results: One hundred and fifty patients (52 under 5 weeks and 98 over 5 weeks’ gestation) were incorporated into this study. The primary presenting symptoms were pain and vaginal bleeding. Suboptimal rise in serial beta HCG (performed 48 hours apart) was seen in 69 patients (46%) while other 81 patients (54%) had confirmed ectopic on USS and were offered surgical management after the scan. One hundred forty for women (96%) went for surgical management and one patient had conservative management as she was asymptomatic with low HCG(less than 1000IU) at the first visit and rapid drop in serial BHG results. Fifty three women (35%) had surgery on the same day when they had ectopic pregnancies seen on USS, 63 (42%) went to theatre for surgery between 0-6 days, while 34 patients (23%) had surgery between 7-14 days of USS. All women were operated through laparoscopic route and tubal ectopic pregnancies were confirmed at laparoscopy. There was no negative laparoscopy in our study period. Conclusion: Judicious and timely surgical intervention made it possible to treat every case through laparoscopic route with zero negative laparoscopy rate.