Comparison of open versus laparoscopic appendectomy in terms of post operative pain and operative duration.
Objectives: To measure the results of open appendectomy and laparoscopic appendectomy regarding mean postoperative pain and mean operative duration in the treatment of acute appendicitis. Study Design: Randomized clinical trial. Setting: Surgical unit Allied hospital Faisalabad. Period: June 2016 to December 2016. Material and Methods: 70 patients with appendicitis were included in the study through non-probability consecutive sampling. Patients with history of long standing pain, intake of analgesics (>3 times per week for >3 months) before surgery and patients in whom laparoscopic surgery was contraindicated were excluded. Patients were randomized in group A and group B. Open appendectomy was done in group A and laparoscopic appendectomy was carried in group B. Outcomes in terms of post-operative pain at visual analogue scale and operating time in minutes was measured. Results: Mean age was 28.50 years with standard deviation of 12.283. There were 32 (45.71%) patients were male and 38 (54.29%) patients were females. Post-Operative pain was 7.34±2.014 in group A and 3±1.94 in group B with p-value=0.0001. Operative time in group A was 42.33±4.25 minutes and group B had time of 34.48±3.5 minutes with p-value=0.0001. Conclusion: Laparoscopic appendectomy is superior to open appendectomy considering pain after surgery and time of surgery in patients with appendicitis.