COMPARISON OF NON-ABSORBABLE SUTURE (PROLENE) WITH ABSORBABLE SUTURE (VICRYL) IN TERMS OF WOUND COMPLICATIONS AND COSMESIS.
Cesarean section is the most commonly performed abdominal operations on women worldwide. Its rate has increased markedly in recent years in most developed countries. Due to insufficient available data regarding the best suture materials for cesarean skin closure, we conducted a study “to compare the efficacy of 2 suture materials non absorbable prolene 2-0 and absorbable suture vicryl (2-0), brand Ethicon as subcuticular skin stitches in women undergoing elective cesarean section. Study Design: Prospective, observational study. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur. Period: 6 months. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 women fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria as above were enrolled for the present study. They were divided into 2 groups of 100 each by systematic sampling technique. Results: There is statistically signiﬁcant difference related to post-operative wound complication parameters between non absorbable vs absorbable suture material on day 8, 15, 30 and 45. More number of patients having absorbable suture had pain, tenderness swelling and indurations. Maximum number of participants, that is, 86 (86%) and 93 (93%) from Group 1 showed excellent wound healing at day 30 and day 45 of caesarean section as compared to 63 (63%) and 66 (68%) from Group 2. Conclusion: The non-absorbable suture (prolene) was better in terms of wound healing and cosmesis as compared to absorbable suture used in our study (vicryl).