Association between obesity and periodontal disease among young and middle aged adults groups.
Objectives: Developed and developing countries are facing an obesity epidemic with various health consequences. Few studies have addressed the relationship between obesity and periodontal health. The present study assessed the association of ideal weight, overweight and obese patients in two age groups. To compare frequency of periodontal disease among ideal weight, overweight and obese patients presenting in a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Cross-Sectional Study. Setting: Medical outdoor at tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Period: 15th January to 14th July 2017. Materials & Methods: A total 100 patients came to the medical outpatients department between 25 to 45 years of age were included. Patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria, subjects BMI score was determined by classifying him/her obese, overweight or normal weight. Periodontal pocket depth was determined by WHO probe of at least one tooth from each sextant under supervision of my supervisor and three senior trainees. Frequency of periodontal disease was seen in ideal weight, overweight and obese subjects in both age groups. Results: Age range in his study was from 25 to 45 years with mean age of 36.9 ±7.51 years. Out of 100 patients 66 (66%) were females & 34 (34%) were males and with male to female ratio 1.9:1. Periodontal disease was present in 47 female patients (71%) and in 24 male patients (70%). Periodontal disease was present in over weight and obese patients more than normal weight. Conclusion: This study concluded that there is positive correlation of periodontal disease in overweight and obese patients. The frequency of periodontal disease was highest in old obese patients.