Skin manifestations in end stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a world public health problem that is related with high morbidity and mortality. CKD patients can present with different skin manifestations, often benign with much impact on quality of patients life. Study Design: Case-series study. Setting: Nephrology Unit Civil Hospital Larkana. Period: From 1st January 2018 to 30th June 2018. Material and methods: 141 patients of ESRD on regular HD for at least 1 month. Patients were chosen randomly for evaluation of cutaneous changes regardless of their gender, age, sex and etiology of ESRD. General and dermatological examination of the skin, hair, nails, and oral mucosa was performed by consultant dermatologist. Data were analyzed by using IBM SPSS version 23.0. Descriptive analyses performed using mean with standard deviation and median with inter quartile ranges of quantitative data set. Count and percentages were reported for categorical data set. Results: In the present study there were one hundred and forty one patients. Out of them skin manifestations of patients, 87.9% had Xerosis, 31.9% found with skin hyper pigmentation, 9.2% had Subungal Hyperkeratosis, 24.1% had Uremic Pruirtis, 45.4% had Pallor, and 6.4% found with Bruises. There were 9.9% cases of Alopecia, 17.7% cases of half n half nail, 1.4% cases of half n half nail with alopecia, 9.2% cases of Koilionychia, 0.7% cases of Koilionychia with alopecia, 2.8% found with koilonychias and half n half nail, 2.1% with leuconycia and koilionychia, 15.5% with Leuconychia, 2.1% found with Leuconychia and alopecia, and 0.7% found with Leuconychia, koilonychia & alopecia in Hair and Nail changes. Conclusion: The range of skin manifestations vary in different studies. Although often benign with much impact on quality of patient’s life and life can be threatening. Early treatment of skin disorders can improve the quality of life.