RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY (ROP);
ASSOCIATION WITH RISK FACTORS OF RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY (ROP) OF IN-HOSPITAL NEWBORNS OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT (LBW) IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL.
Objectives: To find out Association with risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) of in-hospital newborns of low birth weight (LBW). Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Paediatrics, Civil Hospital Bahawalpur. Period: March 2017 to May 2018. Material and Methods: Sixty infants having birth weight 800 gram to 2500 gram, gestational age from 28 weeks to 40 weeks, either male or female were selected. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) was assessed in selected patients. Results: Mean gestational age was 32.67 ± 3.8 weeks, mean weight was 1484.17 ± 532.9 gram and mean duration of hospital stay was 14.52 ± 6.6 days. ROP was noted in 20 (33%) patients. Grade I ROP was noted in 11 (55%) patients followed by grade II 7 (35%) and grade III in 2 (10%) patients. Very low birth weight (VLBW), longer duration of oxygen supplementation and male gender were found to be significantly associated (p value < 0.05) with ROP while other variables turned out to be insignificant. Conclusion: Association and risk factors of ROP in LBW infants is high and most of the cases were found with grade I ROP. ROP developed in all very premature infants. Significant association of ROP was noted with VLBW, prolonged duration of oxygen supplementation and male gender.