SURGICAL OUTCOME OF PATIENTS WITH TRAUMATIC STABLE AND UNSTABLE INTER-TROCHANTERIC FRACTURES TREATED WITH DYNAMIC HIP SCREW.
Introduction: Hip fractures are a leading cause of death and disability among elderly. Approximately half of these injuries are intertrochanteric fractures and the incidence is continuously increasing. These fractures are the most common injuries around the hip region and are more common in elderly people. Different types of implants were tried at different times for internal fixation of these fractures, of which dynamic hip screw has remained the most popular one. But with the advent of some newer implants, the efficacy of dynamic hip screw is being questioned. Objectives: To determine the results of dynamic hip screw as a method of internal fixation in closed stable as well as unstable intertrochanteric fractures of femur in adults. Design: Descriptive case series. Setting: The study was conducted in orthopedic department Allied Hospital Faisalabad. Period: 11months (from 26th, march, 2015 to 25th Feb, 2016). Subjects and Methods: Sixty cases of intertrochanteric fractures were included and operated for internal fixation with dynamic hip screw under fluoroscopic guidance. Pre, per and post-operative findings during hospital stay and follow-up period were recorded. Results: We had a total 60 cases, 20 patients in group A stable intertrochanteric fractures and 40 patients in group B unstable intertrochanteric fractures. We have reported the follow up study up to 20 weeks. There were 10 (50%) male and 10 (50%) female in group A. In group B 27 (67.5%) males and 13 (32.5%) females. The youngest pt was 25 years in group A and 16 years in group B. The mean age in group A was 59.10 and st/deviation 16.942. In group B mean age was 54.85 and st/ deviation 14.123. Infection rate in group A was 5%. In group B superficial infection was 5% and deep infection was 2.5%. Nonunion in both groups was 5%. The failure rate was 5% in group A and 20% in group B. Conclusion: The use of Dynamic hip screw with aside plate is associated with good results and acceptable complication rate. Dynamic hip screw is implant of choice in both stable and unstable intertrochanteric fractures.