Incidence of thyroid disease in young type 1 diabetics: Is the disease burden significant?
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of thyroid disorders in patients with type-I diabetes mellitus. Study Design: Descriptive Cross-sectional study. Setting: Jinnah Medical College Hospital, Karachi. Period: 3rd January 2018 to 3rd July 2018. Material & Methods: A total number of hundred patients having NIDDM taking insulin were included and thyroid hormones were measured. Results: Out of hundred patients, 57 were male and 43 were female. Mean age was 12 to 20 years. Thirty-four (34%) of patients had a family history of type-I diabetes. The mean (±SD) age of patients when the type-I diabetes first diagnosed was 12(±3.08) years. A total of 6% patients had a thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid antibodies were negative among patients with deranged thyroid hormones and ultrasound thyroid gland was also normal. Conclusion: There is significant association of thyroid disorders with type-I diabetes mellitus. Frequent screening was recommended in these patients.