Incidence of thyroid disease in young type 1 diabetics: Is the disease burden significant?

  • Ajeet Kumar Jinnah Medical and Dental College
  • Syeda Urooj Riaz Jinnah Medical and Dental College
  • Om Prakash Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical College, Lyari, Karachi.
  • Dileep Kumar Connolly Hospital, Blanchards town, Dublin 15.
  • Ishaq Ghauri Jinnah Medical & Dental College
  • Asad Raza Jafri Karachi Medical & Dental College,
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Thyroid, Thyroid Hormone, Insulin, NIDDM

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of thyroid disorders in patients with type-I diabetes mellitus. Study Design: Descriptive Cross-sectional study. Setting: Jinnah Medical College Hospital, Karachi. Period: 3rd January 2018 to 3rd July 2018. Material & Methods: A total number of hundred patients having NIDDM taking insulin were included and thyroid hormones were measured. Results: Out of hundred patients, 57 were male and 43 were female. Mean age was 12 to 20 years. Thirty-four (34%) of patients had a family history of type-I diabetes. The mean (±SD) age of patients when the type-I diabetes first diagnosed was 12(±3.08) years. A total of 6% patients had a thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid antibodies were negative among patients with deranged thyroid hormones and ultrasound thyroid gland was also normal. Conclusion: There is significant association of thyroid disorders with type-I diabetes mellitus. Frequent screening was recommended in these patients.

Author Biographies

Ajeet Kumar, Jinnah Medical and Dental College

FCPS

Professor Medicine

Syeda Urooj Riaz, Jinnah Medical and Dental College

FCPS

Assistant Professor Medicine

 

Om Prakash, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical College, Lyari, Karachi.

MBBS, FCPS

Senior Registrar Pediatrics

Dileep Kumar, Connolly Hospital, Blanchards town, Dublin 15.

MBBS

Registrar Endocrinology

Ishaq Ghauri, Jinnah Medical & Dental College

MBBS, FRCP

Professor Medicine

Asad Raza Jafri, Karachi Medical & Dental College,

MBBS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Published
2021-02-10