Frequency of BCG vaccination in children with tuberculous meningitis at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad.

  • Shamaeel - LUMHS.
  • Farzana Shiakh LUMHS.
  • Ghulam Shabbir Laghari LUMHS.
  • Yasmeen Memon LUMHS.
Keywords: Tuberculous Meningitis, BCG Vaccination, Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the frequency of BCG vaccination in children with tuberculous meningitis of age 01 to 12 years at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad. Study Design: Cross sectional descriptive study. Setting: Department of Pediatrics, Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro / Hyderabad. Period: Six months from 20-08-2016 to 20-02-2017. Material and Methods: A total of 189 children with history of fever (axillary temperature >37.2°C) for ≥14 days duration with presentation, CT scan and CSF findings consistent with tuberculous meningitis were selected in this study. The data was collected on pre-structured proforma (attached). Results: There were 86(45.5%) male and 103(54.5%) female. Frequency of BCG vaccination in children with tuberculosis meningitis was found in 130(68.78%) cases. Conclusion: Our results show effectiveness of BCG vaccine in preventing TBM. Regardless of the protective efficacy of BCG in preventing pulmonary tuberculosis, in areas in which tuberculosis affects a significant percentage of the population, continued use of BCG may be warranted to prevent tuberculous meningitis.

Author Biographies

Shamaeel -, LUMHS.

MBBS,

Postgraduate

Department of Pediatric

 

Farzana Shiakh, LUMHS.

MBBS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Pediatrics

 

Ghulam Shabbir Laghari, LUMHS.

MBBS, DCH, MD

Assistant Professor

Department of Pediatrics

 

Yasmeen Memon, LUMHS.

MBBS, FCPS

Professor

Department of Pediatric

 

 

Published
2019-10-10