ESOPHAGEAL VARICES;

CORRELATION OF SERUM ALBUMIN LEVEL WITH THE DEGREE OF ESOPHAGEAL VARICES IN PATIENTS OF LIVER CIRRHOSIS DUE TO HEPATITIS B AND C.

  • Nadia Ijaz Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  • Tazeen Nazar King Edward Medical University Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  • Bilal Aziz King Edward Medical University Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
Keywords: Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatitis B and C, Grade of Esophageal Varices, Serum Albumin Level, Correlation

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the correlation between serum albumin levels and the grades of esophageal varices in patients of liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B and C. Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Unit I, Department of Medicine, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad from 29th June, 2014 to 28th December, 2014. Methodology: 95 patients of either sex between 20-70 years of age, with the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B and C were selected using non - probability consecutive sampling. The presence of esophageal varices was confirmed by endoscopy. Results: Out of a total of 95 patients, 59 (62.11%) were between the age group of 20-50 years while 36 (37.89%) were between 51-70 years of age. Mean+SD was calculated as 48.37+11.75 years. Gender distribution showed that 51 (53.68%) patients were males and 44 (46.32%) were females. Correlation between serum albumin level and the grade of esophageal varices in patients of liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B & C showed that out of 26 cases with serum albumin level <2.8, 10 had Grade I and 16 had Grade II while out of 69 cases with ≥2.8 serum albumin level, 40 had grade I and 29 had grade II EV. r value was recorded to be -0.697 whereas p-value was calculated as 0.000. Conclusion: There is a significant negative correlation between serum albumin level and grade of esophageal varices in patients of liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B and C.

Author Biographies

Nadia Ijaz, Mayo Hospital, Lahore.

MBBS, FCPS (Med) MRCP (UK)

Senior Registrar

Department of Medicine

 

Tazeen Nazar, King Edward Medical University Mayo Hospital, Lahore.

MBBS, FCPS (Med)

Assistant Professor

Department of Medicine

 

Bilal Aziz, King Edward Medical University Mayo Hospital, Lahore.

MBBS, MD (Gastro) FCPS (Med)

Assistant Professor

Department of Medicine

 

Published
2019-03-10