COMPLICATED INGUINAL HERNIAS;
COMPARISON BETWEEN HERNIORRHAPHY AND HERNIOPLASTY IN EMERGENCY TREATMENT OF COMPLICATED INGUINAL HERNIAS.
Background: Herniorrhaphy and hernioplasty are the two most common modalities used with different degree of success and complication rates in the treatment of inguinal hernia. Several studies show that use of mesh is superior to the non-mesh operations in inguinal hernia surgery.It is generally believed that the use of biomaterials should be limited to non-infected surgical fields.Now the concept regarding use of mesh in complicated hernias is changing as shown by many studies. Current study is being planned to observe the outcomes of the mesh hernioplasty in treatment of complicated inguinal hernias in emergency so that in future appropriate and safe technique may be suggested for repair of complicated hernias in emergency setting. Objectives: To compare the outcome of hernioplasty and herniorrhaphy in emergency for the treatment of complicated (Irreducible/obstructed) inguinal hernias regarding wound infection and hospital stay. Material & Methods:… Study Design: Randomized control trial. Setting: Surgical ward, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim yar khan. Period:09 months from 01-01-2016 to 30-09-2016. Sample Size: A total of 64 patients with 32 patients were included in each group, with confidence level of 95% and power of 80% and anticipated mean level of hospital stay in group 1 of 5±3.4 days versus 3±2.1 days in group 2. Sampling Technique: Non-probability, consecutive sampling. Results: In this study there were total 64 cases with 32 in each group. The mean age was 41.69±11.06 years and the mean duration of hernia obstruction was 12.83±4.97 hours. There was no significant difference in terms of age, duration of hernia and hernial obstruction between both groups. Seroma was seen in 5 (7.81%) out of 64 cases while wound infection was seen in 8 (12.50%) of cases. Seroma was seen in 2 (6.25%) out of 30 cases in herniorrhaphy as compared to 3 (9.38%) out of 32 cases with hernioplasty with p value of 0.64. Wound infection was seen in equally 4 (12.50%) out of 32 cases in both groups with p value of 1.0. Duration of hospital stay was 4.66±1.36 in patients with herniorrhaphy as compared to 4.53±1.37 days with hernioplasty with p value= 0.82. There was no significant difference in terms of age groups, duration of hernia and its obstruction between both groups regarding seroma. There was also no significant association among any of the confounding factors regarding the wound infection and length of the hospital stay between the both groups. Conclusion: We can perform hernioplasty as compared to herniorrhaphy for complicated inguinal hernia with similar complications and better success rates in the same emergency setting.