TO COMPARE BIRTH WEIGHT OF INFANTS BORN TO DIABETIC AND NONDIABETIC MOTHERS
Keywords:Macrosomia, Development of Fetus, Pregnancy in Diabetic Patient, Birth Weight, Female Infant, Male Infant, Shoulder Dystocia
Objectives: To evaluate the birth weight in infants born to diabetic mothers
and to compare it with those born to nondiabetic mothers. Study Design: Descriptive cross
sectional study. Setting: Gynae and obstetrics unit Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar in
association with Anatomy Department Khyber Girls Medical College Peshawar. Period: January
2015 to June 2015. Material and Methods: This study was carried out on babies born to
diabetic as well as non-diabetic healthy mothers. A total number of 100 diabetic mothers and
100 nondiabetic healthy mothers were selected for this study. After delivery, the weight and
sex of the babies born to diabetic as well as nondiabetic mothers along with the motherfs age
were noted on an observation sheet. The studentfs t test was applied for all quantitative data.
A p-value of . 0.05 was taken significant. Results: The mean birth weight of female babies
born to diabetic mothers was significantly greater than babies of nondiabetic mothers (p=
0.05). No significant difference (p=0.11) was noted when the birth weight of all babies born
to diabetic mothers was compared to all babies born to nondiabetic mothers. No significant
difference (p= 0.51) was noted in babies belonging to younger nondiabetic and diabetic
mothers but a significant difference (p=0.01) was noted when birth weight of babies from older
nondiabetic mothers was compared with birth weight of babies from older diabetic mothers.
Conclusion: The birth weight of female babies born to diabetic mothers was significantly more
as compared to babies born to nondiabetic mothers. A significant difference was also noted
when birth weight of babies from older diabetic mothers was compared with the babies of older
nondiabetic mothers. This larger weight of babies may be due to maternal diabetes which may
affect the normal development of fetus leading to an increased morbidity and mortality in babies
as well as mothers.