Oral health related quality of life by means of functional changes in Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) before and after insertion of new conventional complete dentures in completely edentulous patients.

  • Gotam Das College of Dentistry King Khalid University, Abha Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Khezran Qamar Lahore Medical & Dental College, Lahore.
  • Muhammad Haseeb Rana College of Dentistry King Khalid University Abha Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Shabir Ahmed Bibi Asifa Dental College, Larkana.
  • Zaheer Hussain Chachar College of Dentistry, Zia-u-Din University, Karachi.
  • Kinza Mushtaque Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.
Keywords: Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI), Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), Quality of Life (QOL)

Abstract

The oral health-related quality of life determines the quantity to which oral health disrupts the regular life and common functioning of an individual. To evaluate the oral health problems of older adults, Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) can be used. GOHAI was developed by Atchinson and Dolan3 before and after complete denture therapy”. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Prosthodontics, Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Period: February 18, 2018 to August 17, 2018. Material & Methods: Patients will be selected for the study according to the criteria. Patient history and clinical examination was undertaken. Upper and lower complete dentures was made-up for 30 patients (both male and female) using standardized clinical and laboratory methods. Conventional procedures were applied to complete denture construction. Complete dentures were constructed in the similar dental laboratory within the institution by compression moulding method. Laboratory and clinical remount procedures, beside with occlusal corrections were carried out using a semi-adjustable articulator. The GOHAI questionnaire was completed on two different appointments. First questionnaire was documented before denture insertion and second questionnaire was recorded after complete denture insertion. Results: Before treatment mean GOHAI score was 20.46 ± 2.85 and after treatment mean GOHAI score was improved and was 26.32 ± 2.34. The mean GOHAI score was statistically improved p-value < 0.001. For male patients, before treatment mean GOHAI score was 21.61 ± 2.59 and after treatment mean GOHAI score was improved and was 26.31±2.14. The mean GOHAI score was statistically improved in male patient, p-value < 0.001.  For female, before treatment mean GOHAI score was 19.34 ± 2.70 and after treatment mean GOHAI score was improved and was 26.44 ± 2.49. The mean GOHAI score was statistically improved in female patients, p-value < 0.001. Conclusion: According to patient’s information enhancement in functional changes after placement of complete dentures.

Author Biographies

Gotam Das, College of Dentistry King Khalid University, Abha Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

Khezran Qamar, Lahore Medical & Dental College, Lahore.

BDS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Muhammad Haseeb Rana, College of Dentistry King Khalid University Abha Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

Shabir Ahmed, Bibi Asifa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Zaheer Hussain Chachar, College of Dentistry, Zia-u-Din University, Karachi.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Periodontology

 

Kinza Mushtaque, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS

Lecturer

Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Published
2019-12-10