Periodontal disease in ideal weight, overweight and obese patients in different gender of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan.
Introduction: Chronic periodontitis is the inflammation of the gingiva extending into the supporting structure of teeth. Periodontal disease is characterized by loss of clinical attachment due to destruction of the periodontal ligament and loss of the adjacent supporting bone eventually leading to tooth loss. Obesity is unusual or unnecessary fat deposition that may harm health. A number of hypotheses for biological reactions among obesity and periodontal disease have been anticipated. Objectives: To determine the frequency of ideal weight, overweight and obese patients in dental outdoor of FMH Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-Sectional Study. Setting: Medical Outdoor at Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan. Period: 15th January to 14th July 2017. Material & Methods: A total 100 patients came to the medical outpatients department between 25 to 45 years of age were included. Patients satisfying the inclusion criteria, subjects BMI score were checked by classifying him/her obese, overweight or normal weight. Periodontal pocket depth was observed by WHO probe of one tooth from each male and female patient. Frequency of periodontal disease was seen in subjects. Results: Age range in his study was from 25 to 45 years with mean age of 36.9 ±7.51 years. In 100 patients 66 (66%) were females & 34 (34%) were males and with male to female ratio 1.9:1. Periodontal disease was seen in 47 female patients (71%) and in 24 male patients (70%). Pocket depth was present in over weight and obese patients more than normal weight. Conclusion: current study accomplished that there is positive association of periodontal disease in overweight and obese patients. The incidence of periodontal disease was highest in female obese patients.