Periodontal disease in ideal weight, overweight and obese patients in different gender of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan.

  • Zaheer Hussain Chachar College of Dentistry, Zia-u-Din University, Karachi.
  • Gotam Das College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Shabir Ahmed Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.
  • Maimuna Khokhar Shahida Islam Medical and Dental College Lodhran.
  • Muhammad Ilyas Shaikh Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.
  • Kinza Mushtaque Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.
Keywords: Different Gender, Overweight, Obese, Periodontal Disease

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic periodontitis is the inflammation of the gingiva extending into the supporting structure of teeth. Periodontal disease is characterized by loss of clinical attachment due to destruction of the periodontal ligament and loss of the adjacent supporting bone eventually leading to tooth loss. Obesity is unusual or unnecessary fat deposition that may harm health. A number of hypotheses for biological reactions among obesity and periodontal disease have been anticipated. Objectives: To determine the frequency of ideal weight, overweight and obese patients in dental outdoor of FMH Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-Sectional Study. Setting:  Medical Outdoor at Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan. Period: 15th January to 14th July 2017. Material & Methods: A total 100 patients came to the medical outpatients department between 25 to 45 years of age were included. Patients satisfying the inclusion criteria, subjects BMI score were checked by classifying him/her obese, overweight or normal weight. Periodontal pocket depth was observed by WHO probe of one tooth from each male and female patient. Frequency of periodontal disease was seen in subjects. Results: Age range in his study was from 25 to 45 years with mean age of 36.9 ±7.51 years. In 100 patients 66 (66%) were females & 34 (34%) were males and with male to female ratio 1.9:1. Periodontal disease was seen in 47 female patients (71%) and in 24 male patients (70%). Pocket depth was present in over weight and obese patients more than normal weight. Conclusion: current study accomplished that there is positive association of periodontal disease in overweight and obese patients. The incidence of periodontal disease was highest in female obese patients.

Author Biographies

Zaheer Hussain Chachar, College of Dentistry, Zia-u-Din University, Karachi.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Periodontology

 

Gotam Das, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Shabir Ahmed, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS, FCPS

Assistant Professor

Department of Prosthodontics

 

Maimuna Khokhar, Shahida Islam Medical and Dental College Lodhran.

BDS, FCPS

Senior Registrar

 

Muhammad Ilyas Shaikh, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS, FCPS

Associate Professor

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Kinza Mushtaque, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Larkana.

BDS

Lecturer

Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Published
2019-09-10