FREQUENCY OF MICROALBUMINURIA IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION.
Keywords:Microalbuminuria, Hypertension and Blood Pressure
Objectives: To determine the frequency of microalbuminuria in patients with
essential hypertension for postpartum hemorrhage. Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Setting: Department of Medicine at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad. Period: Six months
(from January 2015 to June 2015). Patients and Methods: All the patients ≥35 years of age both
gender had essential hypertension were enrolled and explored for microalbuminuria by urine
examination while the data was analyzed in SPSS 16. Results: Total one hundred subjects with
essential hypertension were studied and explored for microalbuminuria. The mean age ±SD
of for overall population was 52.82±7.85 and it was 51.23±8.21 and 53.32±6.52 in male and
female gender respectively. The overall mean ± SD for systolic blood pressure was 170±12.62
whereas it was 160.82±10.82 and 165±11.92 in male and female gender respectively. The
mean ±SD for blood pressure (diastolic) was 105±71 while it was 95.01±7.21 and 100.82±6.42
in male and female sex respectively. The duration of hypertension as mean ±SD was 3.72±2.52
in overall population. The microalbuminuria was identified in 59 (59%) patients with statistical
significance in relation to age (p=0.00), gender (p=0.00), duration of hypertension (p=0.01),
treatment status (p= 0.04), hypertension (p=0.002), BMI (p=0.05) and residence (p=0.00).
Conclusion: In present series the prevalence for microalbuminuria in essential hypertension
was detected as 59% and correlate with age, gender and duration and treatment status of the
patients along with raised systolic and diastolic blood pressure