ABO BLOOD GROUP;
FREQUENCIES OF ABO BLOOD GROUP IN T2DM IN TERTIARY CARE, PAKISTAN
Objectives: To determine frequencies of ABO blood group in T2DM in tertiary Care, Pakistan. Study Design: Descriptive, Cross-sectional study. Place: Conducted in the department of medicine, Ghulam Muhammad Mahar Medical Teaching Hospital (GMMMC). Duration: From January 2016 to July 2016. Methods: With consent of patients having T2DM of both genders and 30-70 years of age. Non-probability, Consecutive sampling was used. Total of 196 patients were enrolled during this time period. After taking consent, blood samples taken from peripheral vein for blood grouping were sent to the Central Laboratory GMMMC. Laboratory technician determined blood group using standard techniques. All this information was collected through a self-structured Performa. Results: Participants in our study were from age range 30 to 70 years with mean age of 53.26 ± 7.28 years. Out of the 196 patients, 110 (56.1%) were female and 86 (43.9%) were male. The prevalence of blood group A, B, AB and O in patients with ischemic stroke was found to be as of following; 34 patients having blood group A (17.3%), 74 patients having blood group B (37.8%), 18 patients having blood group AB (9.2%) and 70 patients having blood group O (35.7%) respectively. Stratification was also done on gender basis. 75.5% (n=148) had positive family history. Conclusion: Blood group B +ve was the most prevalent blood group in T2DM in our study.