COMPARISON OF OUTCOME IN SINGLE INCISION LAPAROSCOPIC APPENDECTOMY VERSUS CONVENTIONAL THREE PORT LAPAROSCOPIC APPENDECTOMY
Background: Minimal invasive surgery (MIS) is a modern and safe improvement in field of laparoscopic surgery. Single incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) is a major breakthrough in MIS and has become standard procedure for acute appendicitis in place of conventional three port laparoscopic appendectomy (CTLA). Objectives: To see the potential advantages in terms of operative time, duration of hospital stay, post-operative pain and cosmetic results in SILA and CTLA groups. Study Design: Randomized control study. Setting: Department of General Surgery in Allama Iqbal Medical College/ Jinnah Hospital Lahore. Period: July 2016 to June 2017. Materials and Methods: 48 patients were divided in two groups; group SILA (cases) and CTLA (control). Each group comprised 24 patients. All cases were performed by consultant who were competent enough and trained in MIS. Results: We found that there was statistically no difference in operative time (p>0.05) and post-operative pain (p>0.05) of both procedures but statistically significant outcome was observed in duration of hospital stay (p<0.005) and cosmetic result (p< 0.005). Post-operative analgesia usage was same in both groups with similar outcome of control. Surgical wound healed in all patients of both groups without complication but noticeably had shown no scar mark on three months follow up in patients of SILA group. Almost all patients in SILA group were discharged on same day on oral diet. Conclusion: This study showed that results of SILA are better in terms of cosmoses and less duration of hospital stay in the presence of non-significant operative time of two procedures. Staying with promise of minimizing in MIS to SILA, cosmetic satisfaction and minimal hospital stay are its comprehensible advantages.