Frequency of dental caries among patients with type ii diabetes mellitus

  • Muslim Khahro LUMHS, Hyderabad
  • Qaimuddin Shaikh Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University Larkana.
  • Mehnaz Baloch LUMHS.
  • Surwaich Ali Channa Isra Dental College Hyderabad.
  • Arhama Shah Isra Dental College Hyderabad.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Frequency, Dental Caries

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the frequency of dental caries in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Dental Department of Science of Dental Materials Department and Oral Pathology Department. Period: 6 months from October 2016 to February 2017. Material and Methods: All the diagnosed patients of type II diabetes mellitus either gender were selected for the study. Complete dental clinical examination and duration of diabetes were carried out. Dental caries were categorized as mild moderate and severe. Duration of diabetes was categorized as < years and > 5 years. All the data was recorded in the self-made proforma. Results: In this study total 58 patients were selected with history of type II diabetes mellitus; patient’s mean age was 46.36+5.34 years. Male gender was found in the majority 38(65.5%). Majority of the cases 37(63.8%) were found with low socioeconomic status. 26(44.8%) patients had history of type II diabetes mellitus less than 5 years, 32(55.2%) were with more than 5 years history of diabetes. 15.51% patients were without dental caries, 37.39% patients were with mild, 34.4% had moderate and 12.06% patients were with severe dental caries. No significant difference was found in severity of dental caries when compared with duration of diabetes p-value 0.93.  Conclusion: We concluded that there are a big prevalence dental caries among patients with type II diabetes mellitus, while severity of dental caries was insignificantly associated with duration of diabetes.

Author Biographies

Muslim Khahro, LUMHS, Hyderabad

BDS, MSc

Assistant Professor

Department of Science of Dental Materials

 

Qaimuddin Shaikh, Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University Larkana.

Associate Professor

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Mehnaz Baloch, LUMHS.

BDS, RDS

Lecturer

Department of Orthodontic Faculty

 

Surwaich Ali Channa, Isra Dental College Hyderabad.

BDS, (MSc)

Lecturer

Department of Oral Pathology

 

Arhama Shah, Isra Dental College Hyderabad.

BDS, (MSc)

Lecturer

Department of Oral Pathology

 

Published
2019-06-10