Frequency of dental caries among patients with type ii diabetes mellitus
Objectives: To determine the frequency of dental caries in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Dental Department of Science of Dental Materials Department and Oral Pathology Department. Period: 6 months from October 2016 to February 2017. Material and Methods: All the diagnosed patients of type II diabetes mellitus either gender were selected for the study. Complete dental clinical examination and duration of diabetes were carried out. Dental caries were categorized as mild moderate and severe. Duration of diabetes was categorized as < years and > 5 years. All the data was recorded in the self-made proforma. Results: In this study total 58 patients were selected with history of type II diabetes mellitus; patient’s mean age was 46.36+5.34 years. Male gender was found in the majority 38(65.5%). Majority of the cases 37(63.8%) were found with low socioeconomic status. 26(44.8%) patients had history of type II diabetes mellitus less than 5 years, 32(55.2%) were with more than 5 years history of diabetes. 15.51% patients were without dental caries, 37.39% patients were with mild, 34.4% had moderate and 12.06% patients were with severe dental caries. No significant difference was found in severity of dental caries when compared with duration of diabetes p-value 0.93. Conclusion: We concluded that there are a big prevalence dental caries among patients with type II diabetes mellitus, while severity of dental caries was insignificantly associated with duration of diabetes.