Diastolic dysfunction in cases with Type II diabetes mellitus.
Objectives: To determine the frequency of diastolic dysfunction in patients presenting with type II Diabetes Mellitus. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan. Period: From 01-01-2017 to 30-06-2017. Material & Methods: In this study the cases were selected via non probability consecutive sampling of both male and female gender with age more than 40 years having type II DM of at least more than 2 years were included. The cases suffering from type I DM, gestational DM and those with HTN, end stage kidney and liver failure were excluded. Trans thoracic echocardiography was done to label diastolic dysfunction and was labelled as yes when the E/A ratio was <0.8. The data was analysed using chi square test and p value less than 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: In this study, 100 cases of type II DM were included with mean age of 51.31±7.89 years at presentation. There were 61% males and 39% females. Diastolic dysfunction was observed in 53% of the cases. There was no significant difference in terms of gender where it affected 56.41% of females with p= 0.92. Diastolic dysfunction was more in cases that had duration of DM more than 3 years affecting 48 (70.58%) cases with p= 0.001 and it was also significantly high in cases that had BMI more than 30 where it was seen in 40 (70.17%) of cases with p= 0.001. Conclusion: Diastolic dysfunction seen in half of the cases suffering from type II DM and it is significantly high in cases that had duration of DM more than 3 years and BMI more than 30.