ND: YAG LASER
VISUAL ACUITY OUTCOME AFTER ND: YAG LASER CAPSULOTOMY FOR POSTERIOR CAPSULAR OPACIFICATION IN PSEUDOPHAKIC PATIENTS. 92 CASES STUDY
Keywords:osterior Capsular Opacification (PCO) Visual Acuity (V.A), Best Corrected Visual Acuity (B.C.V.A), Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Nd:YAG)
Objectives: To find out the visual acuity outcome after Nd: YAG laser capsulotomy in posterior capsular opacification in pseudophakic patients after cataract surgery. Study Design: Analytical study. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology Khyber Medical University Institute of Medical Sciences / K.D.A Teaching Hospital Kohat. Period: January 2016 to June 2017. Materials and methods: Special proforma was designed for record of patients. Pre
Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy best corrected visual acuity was checked and noted. Anterior and posterior segments examination was done with slit lamp and indirect slit lamp bimicroscopy. Pupils were dilated with tropicamide eye drops. Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy was done. All these procedure were conducted as out door. Patients were put on topical steroid and antiglaucoma drops for ten days to control inflammation and rise in IOP. Post laser best corrected visual acuity was recorded after one month of laser. Results: Total 92 patients were selected with age range from 21 to 83 years. Out of these patients 43(46.74%) were male and 49(53.26%) were female. Post surgical laser period was from 7 months to 13 years. Prelaser best corrected visual acuity of 6/24-6/36 was present in 59(64.13%) patients, 6/60 in 24(26.08%) patients while 9(9.78%) patients had visual acuity of counting finger (CF). Post laser best corrected visual acuity after one month of 6/6-6/9 was recorded in 43(46.39%) patients ,6/12-6/18 in 27(29.34%), 6/24-6/36 in 13(14.13%)and 6/60 & below in 9(9.71%) patients. Conclusion: Post laser best corrected visual acuity is highly improved with Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy in posterior capsular opacification.