Outcome of various surgical procedures and their outcome following enteric perforation at Dr. Ruth K.M.Pfau, Civil Hospital, Karachi.

  • Paras Mahesh Dr.Ruth KM Pfau, Civil Hospital Karachi.
  • Syed Ahmad Sultan Ali Dr. Ruth KM Pfau, Civil Hospital Karachi.
  • Zainab Abdullah Kaludi Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences for Girls Karachi.
  • Foad Ali Moosa Dow University of Health Sciences Civil Hospital Karachi.
Keywords: Clinical Outcome, Surgical Procedures, Typhoid Intestinal Perforation

Abstract

Objectives: To observe the outcome of various surgical procedures opted in patients presenting with peritonitis, following typhoid perforation. Study Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Single surgical unit, Dr. Ruth K.M.Pfau, Civil Hospital, Karachi. Period: 37 months from December 2014 to December 2017. Material and Methods: 25 patients who were admitted from emergency department with the clinical diagnosis of peritonitis following typhoid perforation. The diagnosis of typhoid peritonitis was confirmed on histopathology with the finding of chronic inflammation not associated with granuloma/ giant cell and malignant cells. Results: Out of 25 patients there were 19(76%) male and 6(24%) female patients. The mean age± standard deviation (SD) was 29.52±15 years. Fever and abdominal pain was present in all patient. Generalized peritonitis was present in 23(92%), single perforation at terminal ileum was found in 23(92%). Whereas, loop ileostomy was the commonest procedure performed 14(56%) of patients. En masse abdominal wall closure was performed in 22(88%), however, skin closure was only possible in 11(44%) of the patients.  Wound infection was common complication noted 21(84%), whereas 2(8%) patients died during treatment. Conclusion: With reference to morbidities and mortality loop ileostomy seems to be have a good outcome. 

Author Biographies

Paras Mahesh, Dr.Ruth KM Pfau, Civil Hospital Karachi.

MBBS, FCPS, MRCS

Senior Women Medical Officer

 

Syed Ahmad Sultan Ali, Dr. Ruth KM Pfau, Civil Hospital Karachi.

MBBS, FCPS

Senior Medical Officer

 

Zainab Abdullah Kaludi, Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences for Girls Karachi.

MBBS, FCPS

Senior Registrar

 

Foad Ali Moosa, Dow University of Health Sciences Civil Hospital Karachi.

MBBS, FRCS (Ireland)

Professor of Surgery 

 

Published
2019-10-10