Assessment of gingival recession among adolescent of Jamshoro city.
Objectives: The aim of study to determine the occurrence of gingival recession in younger population of Jamshoro, also to identify its common cause, so that we can able to establish preventive measures. Study Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Dental OPD at Liaquat University of Medical Health Sciences Jamshoro. Period: 4 months from May, 2017 to October 2017. Methodology: Study was done on (300) patients, between 18 to 30 years, before selection, they were examined, only those selected, who have gingival recession, this was done by Miller’s Classification, data was obtained by a questionnaire along with the clinical examination. Perform was consists of detailed information of habits and brushing method, scores were given for presence of gingival recession, using Miller's classification. Identification of faulty brushing technique was done by clinical examining. After the completion, all of them were also given suitable treatments also oral hygiene instructions. Results: Mean age of the was 21.09±6.178. Scores of recessions was done according to the classification of Miller, revealed that Class I were the commonest showed 78%, followed by Class II 16%, Class III 4.6% and Class IV 1.4%.Regarding brushing method (horizontal method, medium tooth brush) Statistical analysis revealed that the correlation between both toothbrush type and brushing method and gingival recession were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The accumulation of plaque and wrong brushing method were the commonest causes of recession, educational program for oral health care should be done at community level to reduce its risk. The information from study would help us to made to prevent strategies and therapeutic methods.