PREVALENCE IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS IN HYDERABAD: SINDH, PAKISTAN.
Keywords:Atopic Dermatitis,, Pityriasis Capita,, Acne,, Candediasis.
Background: Skin gives beauty and protection to the body of all living animal
especially to human being. It is continuously exposed to a number of pathogens and other risk
factors resulting into a variety of diseases. Children are affected by different dermatological
problems that need to be addressed and managed early to avoid further complications.
Material and Methods: 518 Children of both sexes with age range from 1months to 11 years
suffering from any kind of skin disease were randomly selected after taking consent from
the parents. Study Design: It was an observational study. Study Settings: This study was
conducted in department of Pediatrics OPD Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences.
Study Duration: Study duration was 6months from March 2012 August 2012. Sampling
Technique: Probability Sampling (Simple Random Sampling) was used to select the study
samples. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistical technique used to show frequency
and percentage of the data. Mean and standard of numerical variables were calculated was
calculated for qualitative variables. SPSS 22 was used to analyze the data. Results: 57% of
the study population was male children and 43% were female showing high prevalence of skin
diseases in male as compared to females. Scabies was found to be most common in both
groups (32.43%) followed by Folliculitis (13.13%), Impetigo (11.39%) and Tenia Capitus (8.69%)
mean age of our study patient was 5 years. Conclusion: Skin diseases are more prevalent in
Female children as compared to male children.